For more information about Pacific Salmon, see our reference list:

Babaluk, J.A., J.D. Reist, J.D. Johnson, and L. Johnson. 2000. First records of Sockeye (Oncorhynchus nerka) and Pink salmon (O. gorbuscha) from Banks Island and other records of Pacific salmon in Northwest Territories, Canada. Arctic 53(2): 161-164.

Coad, B.W. and J.D. Reist. 2004. Annotated list of the Arctic marine fishes of Canada. Can. Man. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2674. 112pp.

George, C., L. Moulton and M. Johnson. 2009. A field guide to the common fishes of the North Slope of Alaska. North Slope Borough, Dept. of Wildlife Management, Barrow, Alaska, pp ii+93.

Groot, C. and L. Margolis, eds. 1991. Pacific salmon life histories. UBC Press. Vancouver. pp. .

Irvine, J.R., E. Linn, K. Gillespie, and J.D. Reist. 2009. Pacific salmon in Canada’s Arctic draining rivers, with emphasis on those in British Columbia and the Yukon. Prepared for Pacific Fisheries Resource Conservation Council, Vancouver, B.C.

Irvine, J.R., R.W. Macdonald, R.J. Brown, L. Godbout, J.D. Reist and E.C. Carmack. 2009. Salmon in the Arctic and how they avoid lethal low temperatures. NPAFC Bulletin No 5: 39-50.

McLeod, C.L., and J.P. O’Neil. 1983. Major range extensions of anadromous salmonids and first record of chinook salmon in the Mackenzie River drainage. Canadian Journal of Zoology 61:2183 – 2184.

McPhail, J.D., and C.C. Lindsey. 1970. Freshwater fishes of northwestern Canada and Alaska. Fisheries Research Board of Canada Bulletin 173. 381 p

Quinn, T.P. 2005. The Behavior and Ecology of Pacific Salmon and Trout. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda. pp. 378.

Richardson, E.S., J.D. Reist and C.K. Minns. 2001. Life history characteristics of freshwater fishes occurring in the Northwest Territories and Nunavut, with major emphasis on lake habitat requirements. Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2569. 149 pp

Scott, W.B. and E.J. Crossman. 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 184:1-966.

Stephenson, S.A. 2006. A review of the occurrence of Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) in the Canadian Western Arctic. Arctic 59(1): 37-46.